Dr. Marie Hicks, assistant professor of history at Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, will present a lecture about the history of women in computing at Missouri University of Science and Technology on Nov. 9.
The lecture will be held at 3 p.m. Friday, Nov. 9, in Room 125 Butler-Carlton Civil Engineering Hall. It is free and open to the public.
In her lecture, titled A History of Invisible Workers: Women Computer Operators and Programmers from World War II to the Swinging Sixties, Hicks will discuss the decline of women in computer science and look at how the field may evolve.
“The statistics on women’s declining percentage in computer science are well known, but what is less well known is what the field of computing looked like back when women were more prevalent,” Hicks says.
“Using a variety of images, from personal photos to advertisements and cartoons, this talk will illustrate the impression of the gender makeup of early computing in a way that writes women workers back into the story,” Hicks says.
“Women were often prevalent in images, but rarely prominent in written historical accounts,” Hicks says. “By reconsidering the women workers hiding in plain sight, we gain a different understanding of how computing developed as a field, and where it may go in the future.”
Hicks earned Ph.D. and master of arts degrees from Duke University and holds a bachelor of arts degree from Harvard. She is an expert in the history of technology, gender and modern Europe, specializing in the history of computing. Her recent work focuses on labor and technological change in Britain and on investigating how 20th century computerization changed gendered and classed expectations associated with machine work. She teaches courses in the history of computing, gender and technology, and European history.
The Nov. 9 lecture is part of a year-long project at Missouri S&T called Beyond Arithmetic, which will explore the complexities of women in science and engineering and the gendered relationships their presence has brought into focus throughout history.
This is the second lecture in the series. An additional lecture and a panel discussion with alumnae and scholars in history, science and engineering fields are planned in the spring.
“Because women had, for decades, been removed from the histories of science and engineering, many times being downgraded or simply forgotten, in the 1970s historians started ‘adding’ them back in,” says Dr. Jeff Schramm, associate professor of history and political science at Missouri S&T and co-organizer of the Beyond Arithmetic program.
“In doing so, however, they continued to use the same timelines, cycles of history, and life-cycle analyses that had been used for men,” says Dr. Kathleen Sheppard, assistant professor of history and political science at Missouri S&T and co-organizer of the Beyond Arithmetic program. “By shifting to examining history using issues that women would have to deal with, historians can ask new questions, for example, what does having children do to a woman’s career historically? How would historical events flow differently because of this? This approach even highlights understudied, but important, events in the history of women as human beings and as professionals.”
Beyond Arithmetic is co-sponsored by Schramm and Sheppard in cooperation with Cecilia Elmore, director of student diversity, outreach and women’s programs at Missouri S&T and an S&T graduate, and Jerri Arnold-Cook, director of leadership and cultural programs at Missouri S&T.